Knowledge Hub

The Knowledge Hub is an interactive resource centre, which gathers useful information for Vocational Education and Training teachers and professionals from companies who seek for knowledge and inspiration on zero waste and circular economy. Here, you will find scientific and “grey” literature, standards and legislation, books, good practices, case studies, presentations, videos, software, methods, tools and other relevant resources.

Modeled interdependences between intellectual capital, circular economy, and economic growth
Interdependenţe modelate între capitalul intelectual, economia circulară şi creşterea economică în contextul bioeconomiei
Romanian
Author:
Nedelea, A.-M., Mironiuc, M., Huian, M.C., Bîrsan, M. and Bedrule-Grigoruță, M.V.
Published:
2018
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Article / Scientific Article
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies, VET teachers and trainers
free
The specific paradigm of the bioeconomy has changed the perception of economic growth in the sense that it is not the limits of growth that matter, but the new possibilities for growth. They are focused on: knowledge, investment in research-innovation, technological performance, which give content the phrase of intelligent economic growth; green energy, low-carbon policies, effects low collateral on the environment, which are attributes of sustainable economic growth. The paper investigates the influence of the bioeconomy on economic growth through a study empirically performed during 2008-2015, using cross-section analysis a interconnections between data on EU member states.  
bio-economyCircular economyeconomic growthenvironmental performanceintellectual property
The paradigm of circular economy – a challenge for smart cities
Paradigma economiei circulare - o provocare pentru orasul inteligent
Romanian
Author:
Elena Simina LAKATOS, Oana CRIȘAN, D. Daniel- Gheorghe LAKATOS, Mircea BEJAN
Published:
2017
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Article / Scientific Article
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies, VET teachers and trainers
free
The European Union alone throws away three billion tonnes of waste every year and only a fraction of that is traded on markets 'sechand' (what's this word?), rented or recovered. Nowadays, our model of mass production and consumption threatens resources of the world and the sustainability and stability of our own future as a population. The economic factor of consumption based on the phrase, „buy-use-throw”, implies the existence of large quantities of raw materials that are cheap and readily available and cheap energy that is about to reach the physical limits of sustainability. This background paper examines the concept of circular economy and it appears to be an attractive alternative and viable option for smart cities. The results indicated that such a vision is inherently collaborative and requires a bottom-up approach that is owned by each group of stakeholders in a smart city.
Circular economyconceptsecologylegislationPrinciplessusustainable development
Circular economy – Between theory and practice
Economia Circculara - Intre teorie si practica
Romanian
Author:
Negrei, C. and Istudor, N.
Published:
2018
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Article / Scientific Article
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies, VET teachers and trainers
free
The main objective of the approach is to put agreement of the semantic content of the concept of "circular economy" with the economic system laws and the new scientific approches of systemic ecology. In the alternative, the concerns are aimed at identifying ways and limits of dematerialization of the economy, by decoupling economic growth and development from production of waste.
Circular economydematerialisationentropyindustrial metabolism
Analysis regarding the opportunities of development of the SME sector in the context of European bioeconomic initiatives
Oportunitățile de dezvoltare a sectorului IMM în contextul inițiativelor bioeconomice ale uniunii europene.
Romanian
Author:
Lupu Iulia, Vladut Alina Stefania, Romanian Academy
Published:
2018
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Book / Guide / Handbook / Report
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies
free
The objectives of this study are to definine the concept of bioeconomy; establish the relations between the bioeconomy, the circular economy and the green economy; identify bioeconomic initiatives at EU level, but also in other non-member European countries EU; analyse strategies targeting the bioeconomy by assessing strategic priorities and a action plans; analyse achievements and current impact of bioeconomic strategies; analyse the performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the EU and the possibilities development in a bioeconomic context.
bio-economyCircular economy
Quantitative approach of circular economy in OECD countries
Abordarea cantitativa a economiei circulare in tarile OECD
Romanian
Author:
Căutișanu, C., Asandului, L., Borza, M. and Turturean, C
Published:
2018
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Article / Scientific Article
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies, Researchers
free
The circular economy, a rapidly evolving concept, is considered a necessary and pragmatic solution for reconciling the link between the pace of economic growth and the pressure on environmental resources. In this sense, the aim of the paper is a quantitative assessment of the circular economy in OECD countries based on the indicators summarized by the authors. The theoretical objective is the synthesis and grouping of indicators with reference to the circular economy, existing in the literature. The empirical objective is to achieve a model of causal analysis with significance for the practice of the circular economy, based on indicators that measure economic growth, research and development, education, recycling.
Circular economycluster analysisindicatorsOECD Countriespathway analysis
Teaching digital instruments in a circular economy
Instrumente digitale de formare în economia circulară pentru inovare în antreprenoriatul ecologic
Romanian
Author:
University Caledoniana Glasgow, Consultancy office Macdac Ltd, PROF.DR. ASEN ZLATAROV, Chamber of Commerce and Industry Bistrita Nasaud, Polytechnical University Bucuresti, School Lawton S.L., Drosostalida
Published:
2018
Sector:
Sector-specific
Type of resource:
Book / Guide / Handbook / Report
Country: General
Target Group: VET teachers and trainers
free
The training toolkit consists of a number of digital sources such as e-Learning content, case studies, templates, augmented reality (AR) content in a circular economy. The framework presented in this report defines a systematic approach to how trainers can select relevant content for different learners according to their needs e.g. career choice and level of education. Highlights the main themes of the different levels of EQF from 4 to 7, and guides the user on how to select the most relevant content and case studies for students in a specific EQF / VET level.
Circular economydigitalinstruments
Fair-middlemen
Fairmittlerei
German
Author:
Published:
association founded in 2016
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Association
Country: Austria
Target Group: Businesses, NPOs
paid
Usable products can‘t always be sold by the producer or businesses for various reasons and are often thrown away because that is the cheapest or fastest solution. The association takes those products (e.g. sanitary products, baby products, household products, office supplies, electronic products, furniture, clothes, shoes or recreational products) as a donation. They pick them up and store them. They can be ordered for lower prices than the normal ones (up to 90 %) by NPOs.
baby productsclotheselectronic productsFurniturehousehold productsmiddlemennon profit organizationsoffice suppliesproducerrecreational productssanitary productsshoesthrow awaytradeusable products
Un-wasted
unverschwendet
German
Author:
Published:
company founded in 2015
Sector:
Sector-specific
Type of resource:
company
Country: Austria
Target Group: Private customers
paid
The company takes fruits, vegetables and herbs that their owners can‘t sell or don‘t need and produces jams, juices, chutneys, etc. They will pick up the food if it is more than 200 kg (and also try to find a solution for more then 20 tons) or go and harvest a field again if there are `leftovers‘. They also have an online shop, coorperate with grocery stores who sell their products and donate to social institutions.
food wastefruitsgrocery storesherbsvegetables
Too good to go
Too good to go
German
Author:
Published:
Undetermined
Sector:
Sector-specific
Type of resource:
company
Country: Austria
Target Group: Businesses, Private customers
paid
The company offers an app that connects grocery stores, restaurants and bakeries that would throw food away to customers who will buy it at a lower price. There is a transaction fee and a membership fee for the suppliers. They can say how much food will be unsold each day and also change the amount if neccessary.
appbakeriesCompaniesfoodfood wastegrocery storesrestaurants
refurbed
refurbed
German
Author:
Published:
company founded in 2017
Sector:
Sector-specific
Type of resource:
company
Country: Austria
Target Group: Private customers
paid
refurbed is a company that sells electronic devices such as smartphones, mobile phones, laptops or tablats second hand (1 year garantee included). They checks if the used products are fully functioning, repair them if that‘s not the case and sell them to costumers at a price that‘s up to 40 % lower than the regular. That‘s possible because they buy only certain models of samples or company mobile phones in big quantities- The products don‘t look used and you get can try the device for 30 days for free.
devicesin good working orderrefurbedused products