Knowledge Hub

The Knowledge Hub is an interactive resource centre, which gathers useful information for Vocational Education and Training teachers and professionals from companies who seek for knowledge and inspiration on zero waste and circular economy. Here, you will find scientific and “grey” literature, standards and legislation, books, good practices, case studies, presentations, videos, software, methods, tools and other relevant resources.

From property to use: change consumer behavior in the shared economy
De la proprietate la întrebuinţare: schimbarea comportamentului consumatorului în economia partajată
Romanian
Author:
Cătălin Mihail Barbu, Dorian Laurenţiu Florea, Radu Florin Ogarcă, Mihai Constantin Răzvan Barbu
Published:
2018
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Article / Scientific Article
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies, VET teachers and trainers
free
Promoting the principles of the circular economy, of new business models can be solutions for a more prosperous society, less dependent on primary material and energy resources, more environmentally friendly. Shared economy, which primarily involves the transformation of traditional market behaviors towards collaborative consumption patterns, which ensure a more efficient and sustainable use of resources, is in line with the principles of the circular economy and has generated business models compatible with it. This article discusses the possibility of economic shared to cause profound changes in consumer behavior towards products and services, while highlighting the factors that determine consumer orientation to the shared economy. The study uses data collected through the questionnaire, applied to a sample of 320 people, customers Uber company - symbol of the shared and processed economy using modeling through structural equations. The research results show that there are prerequisites for moving to a model consumption based on use. 
Circular economycollaborative economyconsumer behaviourconsumption modelshared economy
Towards a circular economy in the European union. A solution for reinvigorating the economy
Spre o economie circulară în uniunea europeană. O soluţie pentru revigorarea economiei
Romanian
Author:
Virginia CÂMPEANU
Published:
2016
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Article / Scientific Article
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies, VET teachers and trainers
free
In order to meet the resource efficiency agenda set by Europe 2020 strategy, the European Union is in transition from the linear economy to the circular economy model. A first step was made in 2014 by Communication from the European Commission Towards a circular economy: a 'zero waste' program for Europe ”, recently followed by the Circular Economy Package, which establishes an action plan and precise deadlines for carrying out the initiatives. In this research paper, the reasons for changing the paradigm from the linear model to the circular model of as well as the European Union 's strategy for the development of the circular economy, with the benefits and risks involved are analysed.
Circular economyStrategySustainable development
Modeled interdependences between intellectual capital, circular economy, and economic growth
Interdependenţe modelate între capitalul intelectual, economia circulară şi creşterea economică în contextul bioeconomiei
Romanian
Author:
Nedelea, A.-M., Mironiuc, M., Huian, M.C., Bîrsan, M. and Bedrule-Grigoruță, M.V.
Published:
2018
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Article / Scientific Article
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies, VET teachers and trainers
free
The specific paradigm of the bioeconomy has changed the perception of economic growth in the sense that it is not the limits of growth that matter, but the new possibilities for growth. They are focused on: knowledge, investment in research-innovation, technological performance, which give content the phrase of intelligent economic growth; green energy, low-carbon policies, effects low collateral on the environment, which are attributes of sustainable economic growth. The paper investigates the influence of the bioeconomy on economic growth through a study empirically performed during 2008-2015, using cross-section analysis a interconnections between data on EU member states.  
bio-economyCircular economyeconomic growthenvironmental performanceintellectual property
The paradigm of circular economy – a challenge for smart cities
Paradigma economiei circulare - o provocare pentru orasul inteligent
Romanian
Author:
Elena Simina LAKATOS, Oana CRIȘAN, D. Daniel- Gheorghe LAKATOS, Mircea BEJAN
Published:
2017
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Article / Scientific Article
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies, VET teachers and trainers
free
The European Union alone throws away three billion tonnes of waste every year and only a fraction of that is traded on markets 'sechand' (what's this word?), rented or recovered. Nowadays, our model of mass production and consumption threatens resources of the world and the sustainability and stability of our own future as a population. The economic factor of consumption based on the phrase, „buy-use-throw”, implies the existence of large quantities of raw materials that are cheap and readily available and cheap energy that is about to reach the physical limits of sustainability. This background paper examines the concept of circular economy and it appears to be an attractive alternative and viable option for smart cities. The results indicated that such a vision is inherently collaborative and requires a bottom-up approach that is owned by each group of stakeholders in a smart city.
Circular economyconceptsecologylegislationPrinciplessusustainable development
Circular economy – Between theory and practice
Economia Circculara - Intre teorie si practica
Romanian
Author:
Negrei, C. and Istudor, N.
Published:
2018
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Article / Scientific Article
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies, VET teachers and trainers
free
The main objective of the approach is to put agreement of the semantic content of the concept of "circular economy" with the economic system laws and the new scientific approches of systemic ecology. In the alternative, the concerns are aimed at identifying ways and limits of dematerialization of the economy, by decoupling economic growth and development from production of waste.
Circular economydematerialisationentropyindustrial metabolism
Analysis regarding the opportunities of development of the SME sector in the context of European bioeconomic initiatives
Oportunitățile de dezvoltare a sectorului IMM în contextul inițiativelor bioeconomice ale uniunii europene.
Romanian
Author:
Lupu Iulia, Vladut Alina Stefania, Romanian Academy
Published:
2018
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Book / Guide / Handbook / Report
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies
free
The objectives of this study are to definine the concept of bioeconomy; establish the relations between the bioeconomy, the circular economy and the green economy; identify bioeconomic initiatives at EU level, but also in other non-member European countries EU; analyse strategies targeting the bioeconomy by assessing strategic priorities and a action plans; analyse achievements and current impact of bioeconomic strategies; analyse the performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the EU and the possibilities development in a bioeconomic context.
bio-economyCircular economy
Quantitative approach of circular economy in OECD countries
Abordarea cantitativa a economiei circulare in tarile OECD
Romanian
Author:
Căutișanu, C., Asandului, L., Borza, M. and Turturean, C
Published:
2018
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Article / Scientific Article
Country: General
Target Group: Professionals from companies, Researchers
free
The circular economy, a rapidly evolving concept, is considered a necessary and pragmatic solution for reconciling the link between the pace of economic growth and the pressure on environmental resources. In this sense, the aim of the paper is a quantitative assessment of the circular economy in OECD countries based on the indicators summarized by the authors. The theoretical objective is the synthesis and grouping of indicators with reference to the circular economy, existing in the literature. The empirical objective is to achieve a model of causal analysis with significance for the practice of the circular economy, based on indicators that measure economic growth, research and development, education, recycling.
Circular economycluster analysisindicatorsOECD Countriespathway analysis
Teaching digital instruments in a circular economy
Instrumente digitale de formare în economia circulară pentru inovare în antreprenoriatul ecologic
Romanian
Author:
University Caledoniana Glasgow, Consultancy office Macdac Ltd, PROF.DR. ASEN ZLATAROV, Chamber of Commerce and Industry Bistrita Nasaud, Polytechnical University Bucuresti, School Lawton S.L., Drosostalida
Published:
2018
Sector:
Sector-specific
Type of resource:
Book / Guide / Handbook / Report
Country: General
Target Group: VET teachers and trainers
free
The training toolkit consists of a number of digital sources such as e-Learning content, case studies, templates, augmented reality (AR) content in a circular economy. The framework presented in this report defines a systematic approach to how trainers can select relevant content for different learners according to their needs e.g. career choice and level of education. Highlights the main themes of the different levels of EQF from 4 to 7, and guides the user on how to select the most relevant content and case studies for students in a specific EQF / VET level.
Circular economydigitalinstruments
Fair-middlemen
Fairmittlerei
German
Author:
Published:
association founded in 2016
Sector:
Cross-sectoral
Type of resource:
Association
Country: Austria
Target Group: Businesses, NPOs
paid
Usable products can‘t always be sold by the producer or businesses for various reasons and are often thrown away because that is the cheapest or fastest solution. The association takes those products (e.g. sanitary products, baby products, household products, office supplies, electronic products, furniture, clothes, shoes or recreational products) as a donation. They pick them up and store them. They can be ordered for lower prices than the normal ones (up to 90 %) by NPOs.
baby productsclotheselectronic productsFurniturehousehold productsmiddlemennon profit organizationsoffice suppliesproducerrecreational productssanitary productsshoesthrow awaytradeusable products
Un-wasted
unverschwendet
German
Author:
Published:
company founded in 2015
Sector:
Sector-specific
Type of resource:
company
Country: Austria
Target Group: Private customers
paid
The company takes fruits, vegetables and herbs that their owners can‘t sell or don‘t need and produces jams, juices, chutneys, etc. They will pick up the food if it is more than 200 kg (and also try to find a solution for more then 20 tons) or go and harvest a field again if there are `leftovers‘. They also have an online shop, coorperate with grocery stores who sell their products and donate to social institutions.
food wastefruitsgrocery storesherbsvegetables